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By Paul Rouzer

40 classes designed to introduce starting scholars to the elemental styles and buildings of Classical chinese language are taken from a couple of pre-Han and Han texts chosen to offer scholars a grounding in exemplary Classical chinese language sort. extra classes use texts from later sessions to assist scholars savour the alterations in written chinese language over the centuries. each one lesson involves a textual content, a vocabulary checklist that includes discussions of which means and utilization, motives of grammar, and explications of inauspicious passages. the normal sleek chinese language, eastern, and Korean pronunciations are indicated for every personality, making this a studying instrument for local audio system of these languages to boot. Appendices provide feedback for extra readings, overview universal and demanding phrases, clarify the unconventional procedure, and supply jap kanbun readings for all of the decisions. Glossaries of all vocabulary goods and pronunciation indexes for contemporary chinese language and Korean also are incorporated.

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Radical 72 (日). 68. 反 M: fǎn J: han ハン, kaeru かえる K: ban 반 C: fáan 1. To revolt; to go astray; to be perverse. * 2. To return. 3. On the contrary, contrary to expectations. In all meanings, the idea of a countermotion is implied by this character. Radical 29 (又, “again”). 69. 權 M: quán J: gon ゴン, ken ケン K: gwon 권 C: kyùhn 1. To weigh, to balance [physical objects]. 2. Circumstances, contingencies, temporary situation. * 3. Influence, authority, power. Radical 75 (木, “tree”). 70. 謀 M: móu J: bō ボウ, mu ム, hakaru はかる K: mo 모 C: màuh Plans, schemes, strategy; to plot, to plan; resourceful.

98. 禮 M: lǐ J: rai ライ, rei レイ K: ye 예 C: lái Rites, ceremonies; politeness, etiquette, courtesy; polite, courteous. Another very important term in Conflician thinking, although English translations often fail to convey this. Radical 113 (示). 99. 忠 M: zhōng J: chū チュウ K: chung 충 C: jūng Loyal, faithful; loyalty. Radical 61 (心). 100. 信 M: xìn J: shin シン K: sin 신 C: seun 1. Trustworthy, sincere; to believe; faith, trustworthiness. * 2. Truly, actually. Radical 9 (人). 101. 死 M: sǐ J: shi シ, shinu しぬ K: sa 사 C: séi Death; to die.

Thing, matter, affair, occupation, job. * 2. To serve, to work for; to employ, to have as a servant. In modern Chinese, 物(72) tends to apply to physical objects, whereas 事 applies to matters, affairs, and abstract things. This holds true to a certain extent in literary Chinese, but there is some confusion of the terms. Radical 6 (亅). 77. 成 M: chéng J: sei セイ. jō ジョウ, naru なる, nasu なす K: seong 성 C: sìhng To complete; to accomplish; to perfect; to become. This character is quite common in both transitive use (君成德, “The ruler perfects his vir¬tue") and intransitive use (德成, "Virtue comes to perfection").

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